On day three of our river cruise we visited Heidelberg and the Heidelberg Castle, home of the 'Winter Queen' in the early 1600's. In case you haven't heard of her, Elizabeth Stuart is the key to the entire past four centuries of succession in the British Monarchy. The present Queen Elizabeth II is her 10th generation descendant!
Elizabeth the 'Winter Queen' literally enabled the continuation of the British monarchy, because the last of the direct 'Stuart' family of kings threatened to turn Catholic, which was unacceptable to the British Parliament. As they sought for an acceptable Protestant alternative, they traced the previous kings' children and came to Elizabeth. She had had 13 children, the 12th of whom, Sophia, was still alive and was Protestant. The British Parliament decided that she would inherit the throne, as a grand-daughter of James VI and I after Queen Anne died. Unfortunately Sophia died a month before Anne, but her son became George I in 1714, generating the succession line the Royal Family has followed ever since. You might note that the 'Royalty' in the British Royal Family is through the ancient line of Scottish Kings (and sometimes their daughters), not the English Kings who actually died out with Elizabeth I of England in 1603, allowing James VI of Scotland to also plant himself on the English throne as James I of England.
I continue to feel frustrated at not being able to drive or get out and do photography, so hopefully these photos from our trips are ok as a fill-in. I did get a prescription for temporary lenses in my glasses that will allow me to drive, but of course it will only be ready "in 7-10 business days"! I wait impatiently!